Vaccination In Dogs

There are several, potentially, fatal diseases of dogs which can easily be protected against by means of vaccination.  Most vets give what is called a multivalent vaccine which gives protection against a number of important diseases including.

  • Canine Distemper virus (Hardpad) which affects the nervous system, skin, intestines and lungs.

  • Canine Adenovirus-2, which affects the liver causing hepatitis.

  • Canine Parvovirus, which causes acute, haemorrhagic gastroenteritis.

  • Parainfluenza virus, which is one of the causes of a kennel cough.

  • Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae, passed in rats urine causing liver and kidney failure.

  • Leptospira canola, producing a severe kidney infection.

Vaccination by responsible pet owners keeps disease levels down within a locality. In some areas, due to the low levels of natural infection and hence natural immunity, unvaccinated dogs may be particularly at risk from these infections.

Vaccination for Puppies

Most vaccine protocols comprise of.

  • A primary injection  is given at 8 to 9 weeks of age.

  • A second injection  is given as close to 12 weeks of age as is possible. (In the face of a major disease outbreak  it may be recommended to give an additional  vaccination earlier than this.)

  • An annual booster is recommended.

  • Immunity is achieved within 1 to 2 weeks after the second vaccination.

Vaccinating the Older Dog

  • A primary injection can be given at any age.

  • A second injection is given 2 to 4 weeks later.

  • An annual booster is recommended.

  • Immunity is achieved within 1 to 2 weeks of the second vaccination.

Kennel Cough

Infectious bronchitis as is also known is is a highly contagious syndrome which infects the respiratory tubules from the larynx to the bronchi of the lungs. There are two main agents causing the disease, the Parainfluenza viruses , nd the bacterium Bordatella Bronchiseptica. Together with most annual vaccination programs for Parainfluenza virus, the disease complex can largely be controlled by using a nasal droplet vaccine for Bordetella. Most of these vaccines provide immunisation within 5 days and this lasts for 6 to 10 months. In many locations in the world, sporadic outbreaks occur every year under the following situations vaccination is also advantageous.

  • Outbreak vaccination in the face of disease in a region.

  • Target vaccination before kenneling, owners of dogs who show or routinely socialize their dogs and those who may be travelling to areas where the infection is present.

  • Routine vaccination is the ideal situation but does require twice yearly vaccination to provide full annual, immunity.

Kennel Cough is a highly contagious disease and can be passed several metres by airborne transmission  from an infected dog. If your dog develops a dry, productive, cough, please do not bring it into your veterinarian’s surgery, but inform the receptionist on your arrival at the surgery to avoid possible spread of the disease to other dogs.

Rabies Vaccination

In many countries, rabies vaccination is routinely given and nowadays also in the UK (since the introduction of the Pet Passport Scheme).

Kennels should ask to see proof of vaccination in the form of a ‘certificate of vaccination’ (which your veterinarian will provide) prior to accepting your dog.